Syria: who are the key players in the conflict? | World news | The Guardian
Assad and the rise of ISIS. by purchasing fuel from ISIS-controlled oil facilities, thus maintaining an economic relationship with ISIS throughout the conflict. The United States established diplomatic relations with Syria in After the rise of ISIS in , the U.S. government has worked closely. Even from the early days the regime purchased fuel from ISIS-controlled oil facilities, and it has maintained that relationship throughout the.
In earlythe United States began to review its Syria policy in light of changes in the country and the region, leading to an effort to engage with Syria to find areas of mutual interest, reduce regional tensions, and promote Middle East peace.
In southwest Syria, the United States provides stabilization assistance to bolster the de-escalation arrangement.
To-date, this assistance has included: In northeast Syria, the United States is working with our partners in the Global Coalition to Defeat-ISIS to support immediate stabilization and early recovery efforts in areas liberated from ISIS control, including Explosive Remnants of War ERW removal, the restoration of essential services and building local capacity to support longer-term sustainability.
The United States has led stabilization assistance efforts in areas of Syria liberated from ISIS control, but seeks greater contributions from Coalition members and regional partners so that they can assume greater military and financial responsibility for securing the region.
Syria has been subject to U. Sanctions in August prohibited the export of U. In response to regime brutality against peaceful protesters beginning inthe U.
Government imposed additional sanctions beginning in Aprildesignating those complicit in human rights abuses or supporting the Assad regime. In April and Maythe U. Government authorized additional sanctions for serious human rights abuse against the Syrian people and for efforts and activities undertaken to evade sanctions.
Government is continuously identifying and designating individuals and entities subject to U.
Assad's strategic use of ISIL made his victory in Syria possible | ISIS/ISIL | Al Jazeera
Syria also is an observer to the World Trade Organization. Helping the Assad regime to prevail is an all-or-nothing proposition, a test of strength with the west and the ground on which the spread of western-inspired regime change is finally repulsed.
The airstrikes are a humiliation, especially after Russian officials threatened to shoot down incoming missiles and planes, but it is one that has to be swallowed.
Putin is well aware of the dangers of head-on confrontation with the US and its allies. Play Video What you need to know about the Syria strikes — video report Iran Iran sees Syria as an essential buffer zone.
- Syria: who are the key players in the conflict?
- U.S. Department of State
- Assad's strategic use of ISIL made his victory in Syria possible
The fall of Assad and the rise of a Sunni regime would be a strategic nightmare for them. But Tehran, and the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps, also see Syria as a bridge to Hezbollah, their client militia in Lebanon that has done much of the heavy fighting in Syria. That puts Tehran in a position to pose a serious threat against Israelwhich serves as insurance from Israeli attack.
Despite posturing from Tehran, it is not looking for a confrontation with the US, and as long as airstrikes are directed only at chemical facilities, it will let them pass without response.
Israel is determined to disrupt Iranian lines of communication, control and supply to Hezbollah and keep Iranian-run militias well back from the line of separation at the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights.
It prefers the US and Russia to restrain the Iranians, but if necessary Israel is likely to plunge in to southern Syria to confront the Iranians and create a buffer zone. It will want to draw in the US on its side in a wider role than counter-proliferation and counter-terrorsim. Policing the use of chemical weapons with airstrikes is portrayed as an exceptional responsibility, driven by a national interest in non-proliferation.
Trump has cut off the Obama policy of half-hearted and intermittent backing for rebel groups seen as moderate.