William Butler Yeats | Irish author and poet | btcmu.info
Yeats had a late creative surge – including 'one of the greatest ever death-bed utterances' What instruments we have agree / The day of his death was a dark cold day,” WH Auden wrote in tribute. “What were these relationships? .. Movie quiz of Who quit the James Bond franchise in August?. This is an extreme example of a love/hate relationship, a more intense variety of the equivocal and And yet Auden praised Yeats as the saviour of English lyric poetry and noted in a essay .. “Christopher, doing a Quiz. Yeats' 'Easter, ' explores the Easter Rising, and this quiz and worksheet information regarding Yeats' relationship with the Easter Rising and interpret it.
His education followed the standard pattern for children of the middle and upper classes.
At 8 he was sent away to St. Auden intended to be a mining engineer and was interested primarily in science; he specialized in biology. By he had discovered his vocation as a poet, and two years later his first poem was published in Public School Verse.
In he entered the University of Oxford Christ Churchwhere he established a formidable reputation as poet and sage, having a strong influence on such other literary intellectuals as C. Upon graduating from Oxford inAuden, offered a year abroad by his parents, chose Berlin rather than the Paris by which the previous literary generation had been fascinated. He fell in love with the German language and was influenced by its poetrycabaret songs, and plays, especially those by Bertolt Brecht. He returned to become a schoolmaster in Scotland and England for the next five years.
In his Collected Shorter Poems Auden divides his career into four periods.
The first extends fromwhen he was still an undergraduate, through The Orators of The poems are uneven and often obscure, pulled in contrary directions by the subjective impulse to fantasy, the mythic and unconscious, and the objective impulse to a diagnosis of the ills of society and the psychological and moral defects of the individuals who constitute it.
Though the social and political implications of the poetry attracted most attention, the psychological aspect is primary. The notion of poetry as a kind of therapy, performing a function somehow analogous to the psychoanalytical, remains fundamental in Auden. The second period, —38, is that in which Auden was the hero of the left.
Continuing the analysis of the evils of capitalist society, he also warned of the rise of totalitarianism.W. H. Auden - Tell Me The Truth About Love (documentary)
Auden also wrote commentaries for documentary films, including a classic of that genreNight Mail ; numerous essays and book reviews; and reportage, most notably on a trip to Iceland with MacNeice, described in Letters from Icelandand a trip to China with Isherwood that was the basis of Journey to a War Auden visited Spain briefly inhis poem Spain being the only immediate result; but the visit, according to his later recollections, marked the beginning both of his disillusion with the left and of his return to Christianity.
In he married Erika Mann, the daughter of the German novelist Thomas Mann, in order to provide her with a British passport. When he and Isherwood went to China, they crossed the United States both ways, and on the return journey they both decided to settle there.
In Januaryboth did so. In the third period, —46, Auden became an American citizen and underwent decisive changes in his religious and intellectual perspective.
A Prayer for My Daughter - Wikipedia
Around this time, Auden met the poet Chester Kallmanwho became his lover for the next two years Auden described their relation as a "marriage" that began with a cross-country "honeymoon" journey. He was told that, among those his age 32only qualified personnel were needed. In —42 he taught English at the University of Michigan. He was called for the draft in the United States Army in Augustbut was rejected on medical grounds. He had been awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship for —43 but did not use it, choosing instead to teach at Swarthmore College in — Strategic Bombing Surveystudying the effects of Allied bombing on German morale, an experience that affected his postwar work as his visit to Spain had affected him earlier.
In he became a naturalised citizen of the US.
Then, starting inhe began spending his summers in KirchstettenAustriawhere he bought a farmhouse from the prize money of the Premio Feltrinelli awarded to him in This fairly light workload allowed him to continue to spend winter in New York, where he lived at 77 St.
Mark's Place in Manhattan's East Villageand to spend summer in Europe, spending only three weeks each year lecturing in Oxford.
W. H. Auden
InAuden moved his winter home from New York to Oxford, where his old college, Christ Church, offered him a cottage, while he continued to spend summers in Austria. He died in Vienna ina few hours after giving a reading of his poems at the Austrian Society for Literature; his death occurred at the Altenburgerhof Hotel where he was staying overnight before his intended return to Oxford the next day.
Auden Auden published about four hundred poems, including seven long poems two of them book-length. His poetry was encyclopaedic in scope and method, ranging in style from obscure twentieth-century modernism to the lucid traditional forms such as ballads and limericksfrom doggerel through haiku and villanelles to a "Christmas Oratorio" and a baroque eclogue in Anglo-Saxon meters. He collaborated on plays with Christopher Isherwood and on opera libretti with Chester Kallmanand worked with a group of artists and filmmakers on documentary films in the s and with the New York Pro Musica early music group in the s and s.
About collaboration he wrote in He wrote that he rejected poems that he found "boring" or "dishonest" in the sense that they expressed views he had never held but had used only because he felt they would be rhetorically effective.
His literary executorEdward Mendelsonargues in his introduction to Selected Poems that Auden's practice reflected his sense of the persuasive power of poetry and his reluctance to misuse it. Early work, —39[ edit ] Up to [ edit ] Cover of the privately printed Poems Auden began writing poems inat fifteen, mostly in the styles of 19th-century romantic poets, especially Wordsworthand later poets with rural interests, especially Thomas Hardy.
At eighteen he discovered T. Eliot and adopted an extreme version of Eliot's style. He found his own voice at twenty when he wrote the first poem later included in his collected work, "From the very first coming down".
A Prayer for My Daughter
Twenty of these poems appeared in his first book Poemsa pamphlet hand-printed by Stephen Spender. This mixture of tragedy and farce, with a dream play-within-a-play, introduced the mixed styles and content of much of his later work.
A parallel theme, present throughout his work, is the contrast between biological evolution unchosen and involuntary and the psychological evolution of cultures and individuals voluntary and deliberate even in its subconscious aspects.
An English Study ; revised editions, in verse and prose, largely about hero-worship in personal and political life. In his shorter poems, his style became more open and accessible, and the exuberant "Six Odes" in The Orators reflect his new interest in Robert Burns. Journey to a War a travel book in prose and verse, was written with Isherwood after their visit to the Sino-Japanese War.
At the time of his return to the Anglican Communion he began writing abstract verse on theological themes, such as "Canzone" and "Kairos and Logos". Aroundas he became more comfortable with religious themes, his verse became more open and relaxed, and he increasingly used the syllabic verse he had learned from the poetry of Marianne Moore. A Baroque Eclogue published separately in Audenwith most of his earlier poems, many in revised versions.
W. H. Auden - Wikipedia
The Romantic Iconography of the Seabased on a series of lectures on the image of the sea in romantic literature. While writing this, he also wrote " Bucolics ," a sequence of seven poems about man's relation to nature.
Both sequences appeared in his next book, The Shield of Achilleswith other short poems, including the book's title poem, "Fleet Visit", and "Epitaph for the Unknown Soldier".
- William Butler Yeats
Inhaving moved his summer home from Italy to Austria, he wrote "Good-bye to the Mezzogiorno"; other poems from this period include "Dichtung und Wahrheit: An Unwritten Poem", a prose poem about the relation between love and personal and poetic language, and the contrasting "Dame Kind", about the anonymous impersonal reproductive instinct.
These and other poems, including his —66 poems about history, appeared in Homage to Clio All these appeared in City Without Walls His lifelong passion for Icelandic legend culminated in his verse translation of The Elder Edda A Commonplace Book was a kind of self-portrait made up of favourite quotations with commentary, arranged in alphabetical order by subject.