Basics of colour theory and relationship in digital photography

basics of colour theory and relationship in digital photography

A color that can evoke one reaction in one person may evoke the opposite Physical & digital books Color theory is a science and art unto itself, which some build entire careers on, as color . Anonymous Hamburger Society's black background is a perfect canvas for the amazing food photos on the site. Color Theory & Color Management for Photography & Retouching Essentials. RELATIONSHIP WITH THE SPECTRUM + TRICKY TRICK your subject and the color balance of your film or digital sensor (i.e. White Balance in DSLR cameras). Familiarize yourself with these color theory basics for photographers, and the important part of color theory lies in the various relationships between colors.

Opposite colors on the wheel are called complementary, while analogous colors sit side-by-side on the wheel. When the primaries are mixed together in the subtractive system, the resulting product is black.

Color Theory and Photography: A Primer | B&H Explora

In the digital spectrum, the RGB red-green-blue additive color system is used on television screens and computer monitors. Colored light is mixed to create hue and value with red, green and blue as the primary colors.

When the primary colors in the RGB model are mixed together, the result is white.

basics of colour theory and relationship in digital photography

Color wheel 1 The CMYK cyan, magenta, yellow, and black color model is another digital spectrum that is specific to the print industry. Artists and designers often create high volumes of printed media using the CMYK color model to synchronize the digital file with the four corresponding printing plates. This system is also subtractive, even though it is utilized in a digital environment, so mixing equal parts of cyan, magenta, yellow and black produces black.

Color Wheel 2 Color wheel 3.

basics of colour theory and relationship in digital photography

Farbkreis, Johannes Itten, Value is measured by how much white or black is mixed with a hue, or, it can be registered as the grayscale equivalent of a color. Shades are a hue mixed with black. Red, green, and blue are known as additive primaries, because they can be added together to create white light. Secondary Colors Secondary colors are the result of mixing two primary colors. Tertiary Colors Tertiary colors are made by combining primary and secondary colors.

basics of colour theory and relationship in digital photography

For example, when using a traditional blue, yellow, red color wheel, mixing red and orange or mixing blue and green would result in tertiary colors. No matter which color wheel you choose to use, the important part of color theory lies in the various relationships between colors. Complementary Colors One of the most well-known relationships is between complementary colors.

Complementary colors lie opposite from one another on the color wheel. These colors create high contrast and draw in the viewer. Complementary colors by Umberto Nicoletti Red pepper macro image by James Blunt Analogous Colors Analogous colors are adjacent to one another on the color wheel. Using analogous colors creates a more low contrast, harmonious color scheme.

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Monochromatic Colors Though we usually refer to monochromes as black and white, monochromatic colors are made up of shades from just one color, for instance, several different shades of blue.

Monochromatic colors are low in contrast and often create a soothing mood. Monochrome is useful for images in which you do not want a single element to stick out.

basics of colour theory and relationship in digital photography