Bergish dialects - WikiVisually
Full text of "Zeitschrift des Bergischen Geschichtsvereins Register ". See other formats Relation über die zweite Belagerung Nancys durch Karl den Kühnen. Bernhard Heinrich, Prediger zu Burscheid (). 12, 3 bis 5, writes on the relationship between business history and economic history vergleichende Darstellung ihres Eigenkapitals und ihrer Verfassung, Bergisch- Gladbach, .. schung in Miilheim a.d. Ruhr (= Zeitschrift des Geschichtsvereins Miilheim .. enterprise Goetze AG in Burscheid, which has been made more accessible. Der Bergische Geschichtsverein e.V. (BGV) ist mit ca. Diese Abteilungen sind Burscheid, Erkrath, Haan, Hückeswagen, Niederwupper-Leverkusen (incl. . the European Institute for International Economic Relations are located in the city.
In addition, during the two world wars and the occupation of the Ruhr the line together with the Wiehl Valley Railway was historically significant as a diversion route for coal trains  and other important traffic.
In the s it was used as a scenic railway. The traffic on the now closed Siegburg—Overath section usually had only local significance. Following the opening of the Cologne —Overath railway, trains ran from Cologne to Dieringhausen or even Hagen. The timetable only included a service over the whole of the original line from Siegburg to Olpe until the Second World War. There were few express trains in the timetable which ran to points outside the area.
This was also one of the reasons for the closure of passenger services, partly caused by poor design, including the lack of a direct connection from Olpe to Gummersbach except via an awkward set of points in the Dieringhausen district. At that time, manufacturers founded a committee that planned a railway connection between Cologne and Kassel. This was originally intended to be a main line.
But at this time, there was still a military base in Cologne, which was in the way of the line. This plan was rejected after the intervention of Cologne industrialists. The Agger Valley Railway was the first major railway line inside the district of Oberbergischer Kreis. Before its construction, some critics claimed that its operations would not be profitable, so it was only agreed after long discussions and after the exertion of political pressure.
The political pressure included the Prussian minister for railway at the time, Albert von Maybachthe most influential person in the region in relation to railway construction after Hermann von Budde. The connections there were too far from the Oberbergischer Kreis for passengers and profitable freight operations. In most places it was built right next to the road, straight through the villages.[Wk TV] BN 01/16 - Offener Brief des Bergischen Geschichtsvereins
This would still be a problem at the beginning of the 20th century. In the case of the Derschlag station another source gives a different origin for the entrance building. An plan of the station indicates it was moved from Horst station now in Gelsenkirchen to Derschlag. It was initially frequented by only four pairs of trains.
- Siegburg–Olpe railway
- Château de Kalkum
- Bergish dialects
Protests led by local industrialists meant that the line was extended to Bergneustadt. The line came under direction of the railway division Eisenbahndirektion at Frankfurt in but almost all of it from the 0.
Finally a line closing the gap to Olpe was approved in The Wegeringhausen tunnel was also built nearby. The construction was problematic and its cost rose to nearly twice the estimate. It was completed on 11 February These were previously connected by poorly maintained roads and trails and the area and had not even been connected by telegraph. Therefore, the population enthusiastically celebrated its completion for several hours, despite the long connecting times to Siegburg and Cologne.
This had a negative economic impact on Siegburg, because passengers now took the shorter, direct route to Cologne. The travel time from the Bergisches Land to Cologne was shortened to one and a half hours by the elimination of the detour via Siegburg and the old Siegburg—Overath route lost its importance.
Château de Kalkum — Wikipédia
The Netherlands also ranks joint second highest in the Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index, the region called Low Countries and the country of the Netherlands have the same toponymy. They are sometimes used in a relation to a higher ground that consecutively is indicated as Upper, Boven, Oben. The geographical location of the region, however, changed over time tremendously 3. It has a length of km.
Its lower Belgian portion, part of the sillon industriel, was the first fully industrialized area in continental Europe. Only modern Dutch preserves this Germanic form, however, despite the similarity, the Germanic name is not derived from the Latin name, judging from the change from earlier o into a, which is characteristic of the Germanic languages. Beyond Namur the Meuse winds eastwards, skirting the Ardennes, the river then forms part of the Belgian-Dutch border, except that at Maastricht the border lies further to the west.
The river has been divided near Heusden into the Afgedamde Maas on the right, the Bergse Maas continues under the name of Amer, which is part of De Biesbosch. South of Namur, further upstream, the river can carry more modest vessels. From Givet, the river is canalized over a distance of kilometres, the canalized Meuse used to be called the Canal de lEst — Branche Nord but was recently rebaptized into Canal de la Meuse.
The waterway can be used by the smallest barges that are still in use commercially, just upstream of the town of Commercy, the Canal de la Meuse connects with the Marne—Rhine Canal by means of a short diversion canal. The Cretaceous sea reptile Mosasaur is named after the river Meuse, the first fossils of it were discovered outside Maastricht An international agreement was signed in in Ghent, Belgium about the management of the river amongst France, Germany, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, also participating in the agreement were the Belgian regional governments of Flanders, Wallonia, and Brussels.
Most of the area is in Wallonia, followed by France. An International Commission on the Meuse has the responsibility of the implementation of the treaty, the map of the basin area of Meuse was joined to the text of the treaty 4.
It is a small, densely populated country which covers an area of 30, square kilometres and has a population of about 11 million people. Additionally, there is a group of German-speakers who live in the East Cantons located around the High Fens area.
From the end of the Middle Ages until the 17th century, today, Belgium is a federal constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system of governance. It is divided into three regions and three communities, that exist next to each other and its two largest regions are the Dutch-speaking region of Flanders in the north and the French-speaking southern region of Wallonia. A German-speaking Community exists in eastern Wallonia, Belgiums linguistic diversity and related political conflicts are reflected in its political history and complex system of governance, made up of six different governments.
Upon its independence, declared inBelgium participated in the Industrial Revolution and, during the course of the 20th century, possessed a number of colonies in Africa. This continuing antagonism has led to several far-reaching reforms, resulting in a transition from a unitary to a federal arrangement during the period from to Its capital, Brussels, hosts several of the EUs official seats as well as the headquarters of major international organizations such as NATO.
Belgium is also a part of the Schengen Area, Belgium is a developed country, with an advanced high-income economy and is categorized as very high in the Human Development Index.
A gradual immigration by Germanic Frankish tribes during the 5th century brought the area under the rule of the Merovingian kings, a gradual shift of power during the 8th century led the kingdom of the Franks to evolve into the Carolingian Empire. Many of these fiefdoms were united in the Burgundian Netherlands of the 14th and 15th centuries, the Eighty Years War divided the Low Countries into the northern United Provinces and the Southern Netherlands.
The latter were ruled successively by the Spanish and the Austrian Habsburgs and this was the theatre of most Franco-Spanish and Franco-Austrian wars during the 17th and 18th centuries.
The reunification of the Low Countries as the United Kingdom of the Netherlands occurred at the dissolution of the First French Empire inalthough the franchise was initially restricted, universal suffrage for men was introduced after the general strike of and for women in The main political parties of the 19th century were the Catholic Party, French was originally the single official language adopted by the nobility and the bourgeoisie 5.
The name Erkrath was first mentioned inErkrath received town rights in Only a part of Unterbach called Unterfeldhaus remained as now a borough of its own with Erkrath, Erkrath today has three local parts, Erkrath, Hochdahl and Unterfeldhaus 6. The citys Sea Life Centre was home to Paul the Octopus, Oberhausen was named for its railway station which had taken its name from the Castle Oberhausen.
The new borough was formed in following inflow of people for the coal mines. Awarded town rights inOberhausen absorbed several neighbouring boroughs including Alstaden, parts of Styrum, Oberhausen became a city inand they incorporated the towns of Sterkrade and Osterfeld in In Thyssen employed 14, people in Oberhausen in the steel industry, in the city began hosting the International Short Film Festival Oberhausen, and the Deutscher Filmpreis was awarded to a group that wrote the Oberhausen Manifesto.
The age breakdown of the population is, There are It is, after Wuppertal and Solingen, the third largest municipality in Bergisches Land, Remscheid has aboutinhabitants in Its highest point is the Brodtberg, Remscheid was founded in the 12th century, but remained a small village until the 19th century.
Early spellings for the city included Remissgeid, Rymscheyd, Reymscheyd, the economic growth of the entire Rhine-Ruhr region led to an increase of the population of Remscheid. Mechanical engineering and toolmaking were the main industries practised within the town and this is carried on today with the Hazet tool company which has two factories in Remscheid.
Remscheid was part of the Prussian Rhine Province from —, on 31 Julyduring the second World War, Remscheid was almost completely destroyed during a British bombing raid which caused a firestorm.
The Eschbachtalsperre, the first dam built in Germany for the supply of drinking water is located here, the old city of the borough Lennep consists of houses from