The Relationship between Education and Society ( Words)
The purpose of education in society is to make the individual conform, make him proper and respectable. Education as it is now is also there to lead the. The current network society, with its primacy of information and communication technologies, is challenging the higher education model. The needs and. Read this article to learn about relationship between education and society! Society may be viewed as a system of interrelated mutually dependent parts which.
This leads us to believe that education and psychology are intimately related to each other. Below are some points which show how far education and psychology are related to each other: On the basis of the following points the relationship between Psychology and education can easily be seen: Psychology and Aims of Education Psychology helps the educator in the realization of educational aims by helping him to bring out improvement in the quality of instruction by providing him ability and insight into the child's attitudes, ideas, aptitudes, interests and emotions etc.
The aims of education can be fixed by taking the help of psychology changes of the child. So the needs, interest, aptitude and attitude are the indicators for planning any activity for education. Psychology and Teacher Psychology helps the teacher to understand the learner, learning process and the learning situations.
Psychology states that teacher should have sympathetic and affectionate attitude towards the learner. They should have genuine interest in the teaching profession. Teacher should be a master of psychology to deal with a complex educational situation. Teaching is an art and so he should know different techniques of psychology in order to solve different problems of the children.
Psychology and Curriculum Psychology suggests that the curriculum should be integrated, flexible, co-related and child-centred. There should be different co-curricular activities in the school.
Relationship between society and education Essay
Co- curricular activities are considered as an important part of education because they are important media for sublimation of instincts and for the development of personality. At the time of curriculum planning and construction, proper care should be taken for the development rate of the child.
So they are complementary in the process of education. Psychology and Methods of Teaching Various methods of teaching like Project method, Heuristic method, Montessori Method, Play-way method are based on sound psychological principles. A teacher has to give instructions through different methods, which should be linked with psychological problems, needs and development of the child.
Psychology and Time Table ,Text Books preparation: Time table is prepared according to the psychological principles. While preparing it, the teacher should keep in mind the relative importance of different subjects and their toughness and the fatigue of students. Psychology tells the teachers and the students that text books should be attractive, well illustrated and according to the mental level of the pupils.
These may act as good aids to the learners. Psychology and Innovations Psychology has made significant contribution by introducing innovative ideas for improving the process of teaching and learning such as-Activity-centred teaching, Micro- teaching, Programmed instruction, Interaction analysis. Use of audio-visual aids makes the learning easy, interesting and effective. Psychology and School Administration Psychology helps in solving problems of administration by mutual discussion among various agencies of school.
It provides a scientific basis for the supervision of instruction. The process of administration should be based on the psychological techniques. In administration, proper care should be given on the basis of individual differences. Psychology and Discipline The problems of discipline can be checked through proper psychological techniques.
Psychology tells us the ways of dealing with problems of delinquent, backward, handicapped and gifted children and helps in maintaining discipline. It states that discipline should be self-discipline, dynamic and constructive through participation in purposeful activity. Psychology and Evaluation The total process of evaluation and examination should be linked with psychological principles.
Psychological tools help the teacher to evaluate the achievement of the pupils and suggests improvements in examination.
Teacher can control, direct and predict the behaviour of students on the basis of research studies in class-room teaching. Questions should be prepared taking the normal development of the children.
Define society and What is the relationship between education and society
Thus, education and psychology are closely and intimately related Conclusion: On the basis of psychological process the curriculum workers, teachers, administrators prepare suitable timetable according to the interest, time, suitability, local condition of the learners.
Similarly while preparing textbooks he must consider the value of psychological needs, capacities and development of the learner. For example, in Europe, schools teach in an official language and this helps to standardized and foster unity. In the same vein, in Nigeria, the official language is English Language but in the primary and post primary schools, emphasis is typically laid on the language of the three ethnic groups.
The essence of this is to foster social integration of common identify in the society. Innovation Early man discovered how to make fire. Every society is conscious of innovations that lead to growth and development. New ideas and approaches come up everyday in order to solve human problems.
However, knowledge abounds everyday as a result of innovation especially in the field of technology. Selection and Allocation In the early years, when few were educated, the school only played a smaller role than the family in determining allocation of job and status.
With the increase in schools, the school system has taken over the job of screening and allocating. The school is therefore a mechanism for role allocation in the society. Education as an instrument creditably performs a unique function in human life.
It is important to note that education gives skills and perspectives that formal cannot be achieved through other socializing agencies.
For example, habits are learned such as punctuality that may be necessary in a time conscious society. However, it is a truism to emphasize that functional relationship between education and other social systems leads to development in the society. Education is a mechanical tool, a spinner that loosens every knot that refuses to loose.
That is, education plays a prominent role in the life of an individual and the society at large, which must be given to every body in the society. Relationship between Education and Society 8 Complimentary functions We have seen education in particular as a means of cultural transmission from one generation to another.
The parents are the first teachers of the child and they still maintain an educative function throughout the early and formative years of the child. In most of the developing nations of the world, including Nigeria, parents are responsible for sending their children or wards to school.
Since these nations are undergoing rapid socioeconomic and political changes, they witness special problems in evolving the appropriate education system, which will be able to produce the adequate manpower needs in all the segments of the society. This means that the child cannot be educated in a vacuum or in isolation. Therefore, for a child to be educated there must be interaction between him and his physical and social environment. By this we mean that education is the development of personality.
It is something which goes on both inside and outside the home and in the school. In other words, education is an activity of the whole community. One important implication of looking at education as the transmitter of cultural values is the fact that education can be influenced by the culture of the society in which it takes place. For this reason, one may infer that for a child to be educated, he must be influenced by his environment and, in turn, be capable of influencing it.
We have noted above that education is a means through which the cultural values of a particular society are transmitted from one generation to another. Through this process, the society is able to achieve basic social conformity and ensure that its traditional values, beliefs, attitudes and aspirations are maintained and preserved.
Clark observed that a general knowledge and acceptance of the ideals and aims of our society is essential for all its citizens, and it must be achieved through education but in a form, which makes it compatible with freedom. So he reconciles the double purpose by saying that admittedly, the purpose of the educative society may be to make men conformable.
But overmastering that must be the purpose to make men free. A society needs a stable and dynamic set of values and a unified purpose. It is when this is ascertained that meaningful economic, political and social programmes can be embarked upon for the overall benefits of the 10 citizens. To be a fully developed person in such a society, implies full and creative membership of it with powers to change it.
Ottaway contended that the transmission of culture still remains a vital function, and is not to be dismissed as merely conservative in the sense of being old-fashioned. He further observed that our children are potentially the society of the future, which still belongs to the non-social community, and education in this respect can be regarded as a socialization of the young.
Education depends on the total way of life of a people in a society. This suggests that the type of education provided will differ from society to society.
Besides, each society has her own norms, values and her own ideal persons who stand our clearly for the younger generations to emulate. Since all these societies are not the same, then it means that a man regarded as a hero in one society because of his contributions to educational development of the society may not be regarded as such in another society where education is not given priority in the scheme of their daily activities.
It, therefore, implies that children had different people to emulate in different societies. Agent of Change It is logical to expect that the type of education given in each society will change from time to time as the society changes. Many writers have argued that education is one of the causes of social 11 change in the society, but another school of thought is of the opinion, that educational change tends to follow other social changes, rather than initiate them.
Ottaway observed that ideas of change originate in the minds of men; often in the mind of a single man. Exceptional individuals invent new techniques and propound new values for their society. These ideas arise from the impact of men on his culture, but do not change the culture until they are shared and transmitted by a social group. In his own submission, Boocock noted that societies undergoing rapid social change or modernization have special problems in adapting the educational system to the manpower needs of the world.
They often suffer shortages of persons with special kinds of learning in engineering and other technical fields and may have difficulty in keeping persons with valuable skills once they have completed their education. Hierarchical Order Another area of the relationship between education and society is through the arrangement of the entire society into a hierarchical order that is, through the social structure in which education plays a prominent and significant role in fixing educated individuals into social classes.
Ottaway observed that education is the process of preparing people to fit into this complex social structure and to play particular social roles as members of more than one institutional group. Individuals have to learn to be fathers or 12 mothers, school teachers or civil servants, shopkeepers or priests. They have to learn to keep the law, to understand how they are governed and to be prepared to try and change the social moves when they see that they can be improved.
The Relationship between Education and Society (7040 Words)
Preparation for future Education as a social phenomenon is also concerned with the preparation of the child for his future occupation in life. This is one of the main economic functions of education and this is in the interest of both the nation and the individual. Through education an individual knows the structure of the society and the different types of relationships that exit among those structures in the society.
The child is taught how to perform different roles within the social structure in the society. These roles are inter-related.
For example, the role of a father is a relational role; a father could be a son to another person. So, education allows the child to perform his role adequately within the social structure in the society. So education allows the child to perform his role adequately within the social structure in the society. In addition, the child is able to understand the network of inter-relationships among the different social institutions that make up the society.
Like an individual, each institution has definite functions to perform in the society and the functions of each institution differ from one to another even though they are complimentary. Social Interaction Another aspect of the relationship between education and society is in the area of social interaction.
Social interaction may be defined as any relation between people and groups, which changes the behaviour of the people in the group.Education In Society: Crash Course Sociology #40
There is a need for social interaction by the child before he could acquire the culture of his society. One important point here is that the child has been taking part in group interaction long before he starts to attend school and the most common among these group interactions are within the family and the peer-group. These groups in which the child interacts give him the opportunity to learn from the wider circles in the society.
From his social contacts, he learns his roles in different groups and this influences his personality development. Sociological Theories 14 This section provides an introduction to the theoretical threads that weave through the field of the sociology of education today- structural functionalist, conflict and interaction theories.
Structural functionalist theory originated with the contributions of Emile Durkheim, who emphasized the need for individuals to share similar values to maintain cohesive society. Conflict theory, which grew out of the work of Karl Marx and Max Weber focuses on the struggle of social classes to maintain dominance and power in social systems. The interaction theory attempts to understand the deeper meanings individuals give to their participation in and relationships with schools.