History of Scotland - Wikipedia
Patrick Cockburn's piece is one of the best analyses I have ever read about English perceptions and delusions about our relations with. Scotland's governing party set out its plans on Tuesday for a referendum on independence, but the main opposition parties vowed to block any. The Anglo-Scottish Wars comprise the various battles which continued to be fought between Incursions by English kings into Scotland continued under Richard II and Henry IV and informal Eventually, after the faction of the Earl of Angus gained control, peaceful relations were restored between England and Scotland.
He continued a process begun by his mother and brothers helping to establish foundations that brought reform to Scottish monasticism based on those at Cluny and he played a part in organising diocese on lines closer to those in the rest of Western Europe.
By the reign of Alexander III, the Scots were in a position to annex the remainder of the western seaboard, which they did following Haakon Haakonarson 's ill-fated invasion and the stalemate of the Battle of Largs with the Treaty of Perth in To prevent civil war the Scottish magnates asked Edward I of England to arbitrate, for which he extracted legal recognition that the realm of Scotland was held as a feudal dependency to the throne of England before choosing John Balliolthe man with the strongest claim, who became king in Over the next few years Edward I used the concessions he had gained to systematically undermine both the authority of King John and the independence of Scotland.
InEdward invaded Scotland, deposing King John. The following year William Wallace and Andrew de Moray raised forces to resist the occupation and under their joint leadership an English army was defeated at the Battle of Stirling Bridge. Edward came north in person and defeated Wallace at the Battle of Falkirk in Inhe fell into the hands of the English, who executed him for treason despite the fact that he owed no allegiance to England.
However, Edward's forces overran the country after defeating Bruce's small army at the Battle of Methven. Robert defeated that army at the Battle of Bannockburn insecuring de facto independence. Speaking to my brother about this, who has the same accent and who lives in Dundee, he said the same. But he pointed out something else too. Earlier this summer, comedian Marcus Brigstocke did a series of jokes about the Scots.
Apparently our bagpipes and obesity are still funny. I pick on Brigstocke because he is the sort of stand up who tends to avoid making punchlines from those less powerful than him. Among the English comedians more prone to mocking the weak to steal a line from the great comedy commentator Stewart Lee the joke about the implicitly working class Scots and our tartan rapped heroin dunked deep fried Mars Bars is more common these days than any laughter at the supposedly ill-educated Irish.
I googled the names, for example, of the first three prominent English stand ups of this type who came to mind. I was able very quickly to find such jokes made by all of them. In fact these types of joke have become so predictable that Stewart Lee has a sketch in which he parodies the mocking of Scots by English stand up comics.
Or, at least, that's what I think he's doing. So, as my brother asked me, here is the question: Now, there certainly is an anti-English sentiment at some level in Scotland.
There is one exception to the comedian trend, and I think it casts a clear light on what the rule is. Frankie Boyle has a joke that goes like this: The parameters are clearer when you consider the most common type of Scots anti-Englishness I can think of: Walk around any Scottish town during a world cup for which Scotland hasn't qualified every one since and you will soon find that the dark blue of England's neighbour has faded to the light blue of their great rival.
What does all this tell us? That Scots anti-Englishness is contentless. Scots will say that we support 'anyone but England'. But there is no English stereotype we pick on.
Whilst American films have a clear set of oft represented English characters, Scots culture doesn't. Because that's not the point of it.
Twelve dates which shaped Scotland's relationship with England - BBC News
Supporting 'anyone but England' is not a comment on them. It's a comment on us. Likewise, the punchline of Frankie Boyle's joke is not the drowning English, it's the heartless Scot.
These laughs are part of the same national in-joke which includes see-you Jimmy hatskilts without boxers and haggis hunts. It's about Scots accepting a parody version of ourselves and repeating it. Baudrillard would be proud.Ten Minute English and British History #13 - The First Scottish War of Independence.
The anti-Scots sentiment among the English takes a very different form. For a start, there certainly are comedian stereotypes: His artillery quickly subdued English castles such as Norham and Wark. However, James's overdeveloped sense of chivalry prompted him to issue a formal challenge to the English army under the Earl of Surrey and await him in position.
TIMELINE: Scottish-English relations
Surrey's army manoeuvred around the Scottish army and attacked from the rear. In the resulting disastrous Battle of FloddenJames IV was killed, along with many of his nobles and gentry, the " Flowers of the Forest ". Various factions among the Scottish nobles contended for power, and custody of the young king. While Henry VIII secretly encouraged some of them, English armies and some families of English and nominally Scottish Border Reivers repeatedly forayed and looted in southwest Scotland, to maintain pressure on the Scottish authorities.
Eventually, after the faction of the Earl of Angus gained control, peaceful relations were restored between England and Scotland. Part of the reason for Henry's mellowing was that the disorders he had provoked in Scotland threatened to spill south of the border.
He married first Madeleine of Valoisa daughter of Francis I of Franceand when she died a few months later of tuberculosishe married Mary of Guise.