Intra- and inter-species interactions in microbial communities
Intraspecific and interspecific competition are terms we use when talking about both biology and ecology. Both refer to situations in which organisms are. Nov 3, Intra- and inter-species interactions in microbial communities environments, subsurface aquifers, and living organisms from plants to animals), topological relationships and constraints, and the physical means to establish. An intraspecific interaction occurs within a species (e.g., two bull elephant and an interspecific interaction occurs between members of different species We also have many mutualistic relationships with other organisms, such as our pets.
Commensalism is a relationship between species in which one of the organisms benefit from the relationship while the other organism is neither benefited nor harmed. Mutualism is a relationship between organisms in which both species benefit from the relationship they are in to.
Parasitism is a relationship in which one organism benefit from the relationship while the other is harmed. Competition is a relationship in which the two or more species are competing with each other to utilize the same limited resources that are necessary in order for them to survive.
Predation is a kind of relationship in which one form of species serves as food to the other species. This involves a predator and prey relationship wherein specie is hunt by the other as food to eat. Amensalism is a kind of relationship in which one population of specie is inhabited while the other population of specie is not affected.
The Interspecific and Intraspecific Relationships of Organisms in an Ecosystem
Neutralism is a kind of relationship in which one population of specie does not affect the other. Protocooperation is a kind of relationship in which there are interactions between organisms with different species which are favorable but not obligatory.
The Intraspecific relationships are the relationships that show the interaction between organisms that belong to the same kind of specie.
The prey animal tries to avoid being eaten by hiding, fleeing, or defending itself using various adaptations and strategies. These could be the camouflage of an octopus or a fawn, the fast speed of a jackrabbit or impala, or the sting of a bee or spines of a sea urchin.
If the prey is not successful, it becomes a meal and energy source for the predator. If the prey is successful and eludes its predator, the predator must expend precious energy to continue the hunt elsewhere.
Predators can also be prey, depending on what part of the food chain you are looking at. For example, a trout acts as a predator when it eats insects, but it is prey when it is eaten by a bear. It all depends on the specific details of the interaction. Ecologists use other specific names that describe what type of food a consumer eats: Omnivores eat both animals and plants. Once again, knowing the Latin root helps a lot: For example, an insectivore is a carnivore that eats insects, and a frugivore is an herbivore that eats fruit.
This may seem like a lot of terminology, but it helps scientists communicate and immediately understand a lot about a particular type of organism by using the precise terms.Ecology: Interspecific and Intraspecific Interactions - Biology for All - FuseSchool
Not all organisms need to eat others for food and energy. Some organisms have the amazing ability to make produce their own energy-rich food molecules from sunlight and simple chemicals.
Organisms that make their own food by using sunlight or chemical energy to convert simple inorganic molecules into complex, energy-rich organic molecules like glucose are called producers or autotrophs. Some producers are chemosynthesizers using chemicals to make food rather than photosynthesizers; instead of using sunlight as the source of energy to make energy-rich molecules, these bacteria and their relatives use simple chemicals as their source of energy.
Chemosynthesizers live in places with no sunlight, such as along oceanic vents at great depths on the ocean floor. No matter how long you or a giraffe stands out in the sun, you will never be able to make food by just soaking up the sunshine; you will never be able to photosynthesize. Producers use the food that they make and the chemical energy it contains to meet their own needs for building-block molecules and energy so that they can do things such as grow, move, and reproduce.
Ecological interactions (article) | Ecology | Khan Academy
All other life depends on the energy-rich food molecules made by producers — either directly by eating producers, or indirectly by eating organisms that have eaten producers. Not surprisingly, ecologists also have terms that describe where in the food chain a particular consumer operates.
A primary consumer eats producers e. And it can go even further: A single individual animal can act as a different type of consumer depending on what it is eating. When a bear eats berries, for example, it is being a primary consumer, but when it eats a fish, it might be a secondary or a tertiary consumer, depending on what the fish ate!
- Ecological interactions
- Difference between “Intra Specific” and “Inter Specific Competition” – Explained!
- Intra- and inter-species interactions in microbial communities
All organisms play a part in the web of life and every living thing will die at some point. This is where scavengers, detritivores which eat detritus or parts of dead thingsand decomposers come in.
They all play a critical role that often goes unnoticed when observing the workings of an ecosystem. They break down carcasses, body parts and waste products, returning to the ecosystem the nutrients and minerals stored in them. This interaction is critical for our health and health of the entire planet; without them we would be literally buried in dead stuff.
Crabs, insects, fungi and bacteria are examples of these important clean-up specialists. Another category of interactions between organisms has to do with close, usually long-term interaction between different types of organisms. These interactions are called symbiosis.