Francis II of France - Wikipedia
Mary's son by lord Darnley, King James VI of Scotland (James I of England) became II of Spain was motivated partially to avenge her death and the military goal of of France, Mary's mother in law by her first marriage to Francis II of France. At the time of their marriage in , when she was fifteen and he was twelve, Did Mary, Queen of Scots spend any time with her baby son James before she. Brief Biography/Report of Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots. In , Francis II died and Mary was sent back to Scotland by her Mary excluded him from all court life and their relationship was one of only marriage. Mary soon.
Under the terms of the Treaty of Edinburghsigned by Mary's representatives on 6 JulyFrance and England undertook to withdraw troops from Scotland and France recognised Elizabeth's right to rule England.
Francis II, the Dauphin of France - Mary Queen of Scots
However, the seventeen-year-old Mary, still in France and grieving for her mother, refused to ratify the treaty. King Francis II died on 5 Decemberof a middle ear infection that led to an abscess in his brain. Only four of the councillors were Catholic: Even the one significant later addition to the council, Lord Ruthven in Decemberwas another Protestant whom Mary personally disliked.
She joined with Lord Moray in the destruction of Scotland's leading Catholic magnate, Lord Huntly, in after he led a rebellion in the Highlands against her.
Elizabeth refused to name a potential heir, fearing that to do so would invite conspiracy to displace her with the nominated successor. However, when her uncle, the Cardinal of Lorrainebegan negotiations with Archduke Charles of Austria without her consent, she angrily objected and the negotiations foundered.
Mary was horrified and banished him from Scotland. He ignored the edict, and two days later he forced his way into her chamber as she was about to disrobe. She reacted with fury and fear, and when Moray rushed into the room, in reaction to her cries for help, she shouted, "Thrust your dagger into the villain!
Chastelard was tried for treason, and beheaded.
Darnley's parents, the Earl and Countess of Lennoxwho were Scottish aristocrats as well as English landowners, had sent him to France ostensibly to extend their condolences while hoping for a potential match between their son and Mary.
They next met on Saturday 17 February at Wemyss Castle in Scotland,  after which Mary fell in love with the "long lad" as Queen Elizabeth called him—he was over six feet tall.
The English ambassador Nicholas Throckmorton stated "the saying is that surely she [Queen Mary] is bewitched",  adding that the marriage could only be averted "by violence".
Mary returned to Edinburgh the following month to raise more troops. Mary's numbers were boosted by the release and restoration to favour of Lord Huntly's sonand the return of James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwellfrom exile in France.
Not content with his position as king consort, he demanded the Crown Matrimonialwhich would have made him a co-sovereign of Scotland with the right to keep the Scottish throne for himself if he outlived his wife. He was jealous of her friendship with her Catholic private secretary, David Rizziowho was rumoured to be the father of her child. She was thought to be near death or dying.
Her recovery from 25 October onwards was credited to the skill of her French physicians. He recuperated from his illness in a house belonging to the brother of Sir James Balfour at the former abbey of Kirk o' Fieldjust within the city wall. Men say that, instead of seizing the murderers, you are looking through your fingers while they escape; that you will not seek revenge on those who have done you so much pleasure, as though the deed would never have taken place had not the doers of it been assured of impunity.
For myself, I beg you to believe that I would not harbour such a thought. After the birth their son, James in JuneDarnley and Mary's relationship continued to deteriorate.Mary, Queen of Scots & Francis II of France all kisses (Reign)
In Februarythere was an explosion at the house where Darnley was staying just outside of Edinburgh. His body was found outside, giving rise to speculation that he had escaped the blast but had then been murdered.
Mary Stuart Queen of Scots and her association with the early History of Golf
Bothwell was exiled and Mary forced to abdicate in July She was imprisoned in Lochleven Castle, Kinross-shire and her infant son James was made king. Having escaped from Lochleven inonly for her army to be defeated at the Battle of Langside near Glasgow, Mary fled to England to seek refuge from her cousin, Elizabeth I.
Elizabeth I Mary had hoped Queen Elizabeth would support her cause but her arrival in England put her cousin in a difficult position. The Catholic Mary also had a strong claim to the English throne so Elizabeth had her imprisoned and kept under surveillance.
Over the next 19 years, Mary became the focus of numerous Catholic plots to assassinate Elizabeth and put her on the English throne. As Mary was not directly involved in these plots Elizabeth was reluctant to act against her. Then inMary corresponded with Anthony Babington who was plotting to depose Elizabeth.
This was to be her downfall. The letters were intercepted by Elizabeth's spymaster Francis Walsingham. This was the evidence he needed to convince Elizabeth that, while she lived, Mary would always be a danger. Mary was tried for treason and condemned to death in October Elizabeth prevaricated over signing the death warrant, but eventually did and Mary was executed at Fotheringhay Castle, on 8 February at the age of Mary's son James went on to succeed Elizabeth in