15 Anarchy Pros and Cons | btcmu.info
Benefits and Disadvantages of P3 Contracts A key element of these contracts is that the private party must take on a significant portion of the risk The high- occupancy toll lanes project in Virginia is a good example. By definition, anarchy is a state of disorder. As such, there are certain pros and cons of this type of structure which are worth evaluating. List of the Pros of Anarchy It eliminates the negative elements of society that binds people together. Wouldn't it be better to form relationships based on common principles and ideals. develop productive family-school relationships that promote student learning. It offers a look influences and a discussion that considers the assumptions underlying the con- cept of parents sample practices being used in schools across the country. . students that are the kinds of benefits desired by educators . Among.
Everything within the company should be done with the ethical framework in mind. This includes training and hiring new employeesas well as making deals with other companies. If standards are not kept, the ethical leadership base, which relies on trust and example, will erode.
These relationships must then rely on trust, respect and open communication. Ethical leadership understands the difficulties in interpersonal behavior in organizations. After all, ethical leadership relies on development and growth. People should be aware of the framework and the ethical behavior that is paramount for the team, and they should behave accordingly. Since the leadership calls for proactive behavior instead of reactive, leaders should be focusing on the positive outlook.
Importantly, ethical leadership is never a finished process, but the framework should change with the organization and with time. As mentioned above, ethics change according to time and therefore, what the organization does now might not be considered ethical by its own standards within thirty years. As the examples above have shown, ethical behavior can be determined in many ways. People develop internal ethical frameworks over time, with different experiences and life events influencing the ethical approach.
Furthermore, your life experiences can reinforce or reignite specific ethical ideas within you. Your ethical leader framework will be a constant examination of your own behaviors and qualities. Before you venture into reading about the characteristics, watch the interview of Apple CEO Tim Cook explaining how he developed his ethical compass: The core characteristics of ethical leaders There are specific characteristics ethical leaders showcase.
The traits you should focus on as an ethical leader include the following. Conscientious Studies on ethical leadership has shown one of the most crucial traits of an ethical leader is being conscientious. Ethical leaders take their positions seriously and they want to succeed in their role. Furthermore, they want to help empower others and ensure the organization and subordinates they serve are succeeding.
The leader focuses on the diligence and dedication to get the job done. Conscientiousness also means the leader should showcase strong moral identity. An ethical leader wants to define and think of him- or herself as a good person. There is a concern present for doing the right thing and perhaps more importantly, of thinking what the right action would be.
Conscientiousness and moral identity are perhaps the traits innate in an ethical leader. The willingness to consider ethics and to behave in a moral manner is something that stems from the inside and it can be hard to instill in a person.
Nonetheless, as a leader, you want to start thinking about your actions more often and to consider the ethical implications of making choices. Inclusive Ethical leaders are inclusive.
This means that they are open to other opinions and encourage people to voice different ideas within the organization. But on top of this type of communicative and collaborative inclusiveness, ethical leaders also work with people from all sorts of backgrounds. An ethical leader understands the benefits of a diverse work environmentand therefore, wants the organization to be more inclusive of people from different ethnicities, races, cultures and backgrounds.
Inclusiveness requires understanding as well as acceptance of different people and of differing opinions. An ethical leader must therefore educate him- or herself in a variety of things, such as cultures and gender identity.
Accountable Accountability is another important characteristic of an ethical leader. The responsibility of ethical leadership must be treated with respect and in a serious manner.
As mentioned before, by doing what you are saying, you can show true ethical leadership and therefore build trust among the subordinates. You must, as a leader, be responsible for the actions and decisions. The modern corporate world has shown examples of the importance of accountability at the highest level. During the Enron scandal, the Chairman and CEO, Ken Lay and Jeffrey Skilling, argued against their accountability in the context of not knowing about the illegal accounting practices.
The responsibility of being in charge and ensuring the ethical standards are upheld fall ultimately on the leaders and an ethical leader would take responsibility. Considerate Considerate behavior is important for an ethical leader in two separate senses.
First, an ethical leader must consider all of his or her actions and find the ways to minimize harm. Indeed, Rushworth Kidder presents moral dilemmas in his book How Good People Make Tough Choicesnot as a choice between right and wrong, but between two rights or two wrongs. The second type of consideration requires the proper treatment of subordinates and other stakeholders.
Rather, the saying implies that the worth of each subordinate should never be different in the eyes of the leader. Consistent All of the above traits are enhanced by consistency. As mentioned above, ethical leadership framework must be present at all times and an ethical leader must showcase consistency in his or her approach. An ethical leader can inspire the workforce by staying true to his or her own ethical standards.
Consistency is also required in the way you treat subordinates and stakeholders. You must outline the rules and the ethical framework and hold on to these standards when you deal with people. Authoritative Ethical leaders must learn to be authoritative and to use his or her power. But there are important distinctions in how autocratic or authoritarian leaders use power and how ethical leaders control the subordinates.
Whereas in the more authoritarian models decision-making is in the hands of the leader, in ethical leadership there must be collaboration in the process.
Importantly, there is a distinction in the use of power. In his book, Escape from FreedomErich Fromm distinguished two separate ideas of power. First, there is the power over, which allows leaders to use subordinates in order to achieve an end.
Power for an ethical leader is about the latter option.
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The focus is to achieve the ends, not to gain personal accomplishments or to prove you are better than others. In essence, ethical leaders use authority as a mean to empower others and sharing responsibilities and power is seen as a means to increase the chances of success. Key actions of ethical leaders In addition to the above traits, ethical leaders also engage in specific actions as part of their leadership. Below are some of the things an ethical leader should focus on in order to improve his or her ethical behavior and build more trust with the subordinates.
Creating I-Thou relationships For the organization to work, positive relationships are required. German philosopher and theologian Martin Buber called these as I-Thou relationships. The distinction between the I-Thou relationships and the I-It relationships is explained on slide 8 of the following presentation.
The ethical leader must embrace subordinates as valuable and important to the organization and its success. In order to create the I-Thou dialogue and relationship, the leader must treat subordinates with trust and respect.
This requires honesty in saying what needs to be said. Whilst ethical leader never wants to intentionally hurt anyone, the leader should not sugar-coat things either.
As a leader, you must also place the interests of the organization before your own self-interest. Setting up proper communication and collaboration channels Communication and collaboration are the cornerstones of ethical leadership. An ethical leader must set up proper communication channels to allow feedback to fly in both directions. With proper communication comes less rumors, suspicion and ultimately resentment, as people can be more aware of what is happening around them.
Creating an open culture and one that enforces explanations will help build more trust and respect among the theme. In order to have proper communication, you should improve your overall communication skills. This includes understanding the importance of verbal and non-verbal communication and to strive for clarity in expression.
In addition to communication, you want to pay attention to collaboration. Collaboration means asking for ideas and channeling power to other people. If you allow people to take the lead and you trust their ability to make good choices, you will gain further respect. His book The Servant as Leader was published in and it still forms the basis of the theory to this day. He had worked for the company for 38 years.
Ethical Leadership Guide: Definition, Qualities, Pros & Cons, Examples
After his retirement he marked on a second career as consultant, further developing his ideas around servant leadership. In his essay, The Servant as Leader, he wrote: Then conscious choice brings one to aspire to lead. That person is sharply different from one who is leader first, perhaps because of the need to assuage an unusual power drive or to acquire material possessions.
The book is a story about a group of travelers and their servant Leo. Leo performed menial tasks for the group and acted as the cheerful spirit of the group. But Leo suddenly disappeared one day, leaving the group in chaos and eventually ending their journey. Leo was actually the leader all of the time, but he was servant first because that was what he was, deep down inside. The era saw plenty of young people feeling hopeless about future prospects, something that is obvious across the Western world today.
To Greenleafpart of the importance of the servant leadership concept is based on its ability to offer hope through awareness and self-understanding.
Servant Leadership Guide: Definition, Qualities, Examples, and More
In essence, servant leadership is something innate — the wish to serve is not something you instill on yourself, it is a feeling that comes from within. On the other hand, being a leader is only a status or a title — it is not a permanent position and it is given to you and can therefore be taken away.
Therefore, by serving first, you can make a real difference. By creating more servant institutions, ones that focus on serving the employee first, you are able to instill change in society. This would then lead to a more loving and just environment for everyone. In his book, The Power of Servant-Leadership, Greenleaf said the only way to achieve a servant institution is if: Some of his major publications include: A Journey into the Nature of Legitimate Power and Greatness Servant, Leader and Follower Further writings and studies of the concept Greenleaf sparked an interest in the theory and soon other writings and studies on servant leadership emerged.
It has also gained traction recently with the issue of increasing income inequality, which has sparked questions over how modern organizations operate. InSpears wrote in an essay, Reflections on Robert K. Spears, as well as Robert C Liden and his colleagues, have identified different values and dimensions in the uses of servant leadership.
This has sparked interest from behavioral scientists, such as E. The importance of values is a core part of leadership philosophy, as it shapes the way the leader behaves and acts. For further readings on the topic, you can check out the following books: Succeeding through Trust, Bravery, and Forgiveness You should also watch the below talk by Anthony Perez on the future of servant leadership: Spears and other colleagues have identified four core tenets for servant leadership and the framework for applying it.
Service to others Service to others is often viewed as the moral component of the servant leadership theory. The whole concept is based on the leader taking the position of a servant in their interactions with the employees. The primary purpose of a servant leader is to motivate others and bring about the greatness in others, with the organizational success being the indirect outcome of this approach.
Holistic approach to work The second component relates to the emphasis servant leadership puts on serving for the benefit of others, not just that of the company. The holistic approach promotes the idea that individual employees, the organizations they work for, and the society as a whole are interconnected. As mentioned above, by instilling servant leadership in an institution, you can ultimately begin to change the world around you.
The focus of a business should be about encouraging individuals to be who they are and supporting their personal goals and objectives first. For instance, employee benefits should be decided on the needs of the individual and not on the long-term interests of the organization. Promoting a sense of community Nonetheless, you also need to promote the success of all stakeholders.
For servant leadership to work, you need different parts of the organization working together. In his original essay, Greenleaf called for an establishment of a community within organizations, with groups of individuals coming together. Members of these groups should not only be liable for themselves, but also for the group as a whole. To a business, the focus should be on ensuring different stakeholders from investors to employees are able to work together and to understand the common objectives.
Sharing of power in decision-making Finally, effective servant leadership requires collaboration in decision-making. In a sense, a servant leader must have a strong ability to self-reflect and to nurture participatory culture within the organization. Instead, businesses should aim towards a more flexible process, whereas decision-making is shared. A good way of doing it is by promoting top-down innovation and fostering feedback within the organization.
The above image highlights well the leadership structure of servant leadership compared to the traditional power model. Listening is about focusing on what the team is saying and using this information for guiding the group towards objectives.
An effective leader should also identify the things that are left unsaid, as well as the inner voices. Listening in business A leader should regularly organize team meetings and situations where the members of the team are able to voice opinions. The meetings should be a mixture of group discussions and face-to-face chats. Since listening is not just about the spoken word, a leader should regularly venture amongst the team and assess the mood in the room.
Conflicts can often be sensed and unhappiness felt without someone having to voice it out. How to improve your listening skills?
Anarchy is not against individuals. It is against the artificial suppression of the individual within a society that says such suppression is acceptable. There is a complexity to the human existence that is beautiful beyond words. That beauty deserves respect. The only respect it gains in a world dominated by hierarchal structures is based on its usefulness in generating profits for businesses and governments. It allows for individual privacy.
When you start doing business with a company today, you are forced to provide tons of personal information to create an account. They want to know your birthday. They want to know how much money you make. Anarchy eliminates this issue completely. You are entitled to your personal privacy. If someone attempts to invade it, then you can do something about it. List of the Cons of Anarchy 1.
It creates followers, just like any other form of societal control. Many people like the idea of anarchy. It puts stars in their eyes because they see a future world where they can be themselves. Then what do they do? They start following the people that they think are the best anarchists. They begin to emulate these people, even idolize them, in an attempt to replicate their success into their own personal success. It is about discovering what your personal purpose for life should entail.
It prevents people from leaving abusive relationships.
Some anarchists do use violence to get their point across. That violence should not be targeted at an individual. True anarchy is about throwing off the structures of hierarchy which place some people in a privileged spot and others in a place of disadvantage. Putting someone else down to raise yourself up is not ethical. Breaking a window to let your voice be heard is much different that cracking someone over the head with a baseball bat.
It is often confused as a form of socialism. For those who do not practice anarchy, the processes involved are often incorrectly compared to socialism.
When people think of socialism today, they tend to go to the extreme examples of it that were implemented by Communist regimes. Anarchy is not Communism. It rejects the hierarchal structures of Communism, just as it rejects those structures in a democracy. What drives anarchy is a self-fulfilling desire to put something together that works for you on a personal level without the interference of someone delegating that to you. It is supported by individuals who have different definitions of what anarchy is.
Anarchy is a lot like the modern Christian church. There are many different groups who think they have found the one true definition of this structure.