Relationship between Hamlet and Polonius by Matt Monteiro on Prezi
What is his relationship to Claudius and to Hamlet? In William Shakespeare's Hamlet, Polonius is the chief counselor to Claudius, as well as. Polonius’ Warning to Ophelia shows that he does not particularly like or trust Hamlet; however when he mistakenly thinks that Hamlet’s bizarre behaviour is caused by rejected love, he jumps at the chance to marry his daughter to a prince. Not at all concerned that he has. Polonius is a character in William Shakespeare's Hamlet. He is chief counsellor of the king, and He is fearful that Hamlet's relationship with his daughter will hurt his reputation with the king and instructs Ophelia to "lock herself from [ Hamlet's].
I did enact Julius Caesar. He is a conventional revenge hero, and consequently represents a standard of measurement for Hamlet. Like his father, he is given to conventional moralising, giving Ophelia some serious and misleading advice on her relationship with Hamlet, just as Polonius will do. Her quiet response anticipates the course his life will take.
He has enough courage to face Claudius alone, but his words are those of a melodramatic villain rather than of a wronged son and brother: Vows, to the blackest devil!
Hamlet Character Relationships - SchoolWorkHelper
Conscience and grace, to the profoundest pit! I dare damnation… IV,v, Worse is to follow. Hamlet can be emotionally unstable, but is not morally unstable; Laertes is emotionally stable enough, but morally quite unstable. This above all — to thine own self be true And it must follow, as the night the day Thou canst not then be false to any man…1,iii, In the event, he proves totally untrue to any decent conception he may have of himself.
The king has little difficulty in exploiting his weak moral sense. Laertes is blackmailed into a treacherous partnership with Claudius, which he lacks the moral strength to break. His shallowness is underlined when, before the fencing-match, he repents too late and only when his own life is ebbing away. There is a pathetic beauty about her death, and a charming innocence about her activities during life. She is, of course, one of the classic examples of the innocent sufferer in tragedy, the pathetic victim of a process set in motion by forces beyond her control and over whose course she has no influence.
Polonius and his family in Hamlet
She pays the penalty for the crimes of others. In many tragedies there is an appalling disproportion between the offences committed by the participants and the sufferings they endure. In the case of Polonius and Laertes there is at least the satisfaction of being able to rationalise their deaths as the outcome of crime or rashness. Laertes sees some justice in his fate, and Hamlet finds an absurd appropriateness in that of Polonius. In one of the most influential observations on the play, Dover Wilson, the renowned Shakespearean scholar, argued that at 11,ii, Hamlet overhears the King and Polonius as they plan the encounter between Ophelia and himself, and that his anger against Ophelia is largely inspired by his view of her in the role of fellow-conspirator with Claudius and Polonius against him.
If Shakespeare did not really arrange matters as Dover Wilson thinks he did, then perhaps he ought to have! However, like many other of his plans, this one does not work either! She is used in many conspiracies against Hamlet. She is not cherished for herself, except when she is grieved over: Forty thousand brothers could not make up my sum.
Laertes and Polonius forbid her to develop a relationship with Hamlet because of their resentment towards him. Laertes suggests to his sister that her marriage to Hamlet would endanger the Danish state: For on his choice depends the safety and health of this whole state.
What is a sensitive young woman to make of this? Laertes gets it wrong. A toy in blood; a violet in the youth of primy nature, forward, not permanent.
Hamlet Character Relationships
Fear it, Ophelia, fear it. In the Nunnery Scene she is exploited in a game of espionage against Hamlet.
Suspecting the worst, Hamlet abuses Ophelia terribly in order to intimidate the King: Get thee to a nunnery! Why wouldst thou be a breeder of sinners? I have heard of your paintings too.
She is devastated for both of them: Her despair for herself follows swiftly: When Hamlet leaves, she seems to break down in her speech, ending with: So far in her life, she has been under the continual direction of three men: Her brother has gone to Paris.
Her lover is insane and abuses her. When her father dies at the hands of the man she loves, there is no one to direct her. She succumbed to this and is now, therefore, totally isolated.
Character[ edit ] Father of Ophelia and Laertesand counselor to King Claudiushe is described as a windbag by some and a rambler of wisdom by others. It has also been suggested that he only acts like a "foolish prating knave" to keep his position and popularity safe and to keep anyone from discovering his plots for social advancement. It is important to note that throughout the play, Polonius is characterised as a typical Renaissance "new man", who pays much attention to appearances and ceremonious behaviour.
Some adaptations show him conspiring with Claudius in the murder of King Hamlet. In Act 1, Scene 3, Polonius gives advice to his son Laertes, who is leaving for France, in the form of a list of sententious maxims.
He finishes by giving his son his blessing, and is apparently at ease with his son's departure. However, in Act 2, Scene 1, he orders his servant Reynaldo to travel to Paris and spy on Laertes and report if he is indulging in any local vice. Laertes is not the only character Polonius spies upon. He is fearful that Hamlet's relationship with his daughter will hurt his reputation with the king and instructs Ophelia to "lock herself from [Hamlet's] resort". He later suspects that Ophelia's rejection of Hamlet's attention has caused the prince to lose his wits, and informs Gertrude and Claudius of his suspicion, claiming that his reason for commanding Ophelia to reject Hamlet was that the prince was above her station.
He and the king test his hypothesis by spying on and interrogating Ophelia. In his last attempt to spy on Hamlet, Polonius hides himself behind an arras in Gertrude's room. Hamlet deals roughly with his mother, causing her to cry for help. Polonius echoes the request for help and is heard by Hamlet, who then mistakes the voice for Claudius' and stabs through the arras and kills him. Polonius' death at the hands of Hamlet causes Claudius to fear for his own life, Ophelia to go mad, and Laertes to seek revenge, which leads to the duel in the final act.
Sources[ edit ] The literary origins of the character may be traced to the King's counselor found in the Belleforest and William Painter versions of the Hamlet legend. However, at least since the 19th century scholars have also sought to understand the character in terms of Elizabethan court politics.Hamlet (1996)
The theory was often finessed with supplementary arguments,  but also disputed. Arden Hamlet editor Harold Jenkinsfor example, criticised the idea of any direct personal satire of Burghley as "unlikely" and "uncharacteristic of Shakespeare".