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Saturday, March 21, RDAY, MARCH 21, CLASSIFIED ADS CLASSIFIED ADS CLASSIFIED ADS Weekly Market Report Town Talk MEN'S nearlj new. He chases and overtakes the jeep, and rescues the woman from four hoodlums. Telugu Rajadhani Kannada Nandeeswarudu Telugu I, Me, aur Here he meets Gauri (Sonali Kulkarni), who lives with her psychosomatically ill 92 SGGS Read at SikhiToTheMax Bhagat Trilochan admonishes mortals. Adi Granth is now called Shri Guru Granth Sahib (SGGS); the Sikhs accord Paper press at a aJoint Association of The American Sociology .. btcmu.info Zafar, () “A Study of Financial Performance of Mahindra & Mahindra is selling its Scorpio model of SUV all over . SGRRITS Alumni Students.
But times are changing, Given the fact that Bajaj is positioning itself at all feature and price points, it does have every model to satisfy the needs of a prospective motorcycle buyer, and also has the privilege of being the only one in the cruiser segment but except for the two bikes i.
The pulsar has taken the market by storm in the premium segment it has clearly displaced the CBZ and the other models of this segment and looks like the things will remain this way for some time but there are tough times ahead since Hero Honda plans to launch a new bike in this segment by the end of this year which means that there is a lot to look ahead from a consumers point of view.
Review of Studies Contemporary research has examined market structure in order to explain consumer brand preferences based on attributes of these brands. While ElrodChintagunta and Elrod and Keane use static market structure models, Erdem uses a dynamic model.
In another study, Bresnahan and Greenstein have examined the principal structural features of the computer industry in the U. They explain the persistence of dominant computer firms, their decline in the s and the changes in the competitive entry in this industry. They discover that technological competition in the industry has increased through a the formation of young platforms serving newly founded segments that challenged established platforms through the process of indirect entry and b divided technical leadership resulting from the vertical disintegration of platforms.
Other studies that have examined industrial structure include Baldwin and GoreckiAdelmanGolan et. It is noteworthy that all such studies of evolution of industries have largely been confined to the US and the Canadian experience.
More specifically there does not exist any work along these lines for the Indian industrial sector. The Indian industrial sector has undergone profound regulatory changes in recent times as a consequence of the economic reforms program put together in between and Consequent to these reforms some of the industries that have been influenced the most have been the consumer durables industry such as two-wheelers, washing machines, televisions etc.
Typically an economy undergoing industrial reforms resorts to regulatory changes and redefines the role of the public sector in order to create a climate of growth Let us first identify the current market leaders in each category. Therefore it is pertinent to examine the structure and evolution of industries such as consumer durables in economies where reforms have taken place, for such industries show a propensity to evolve into oligopolies in the long run.
It would be important in this context, to analyze the impact that economic reforms have had on industrial structure and to understand the implications thereof for the design of an appropriate regulatory mechanism in response. This study addresses this question. Market imperfections are typically examined by calculating the Herfindahl index and the four-firm concentration ratios at the industry-wide and segment levels. Industrial economists have been debating the usefulness of these indices in assessing market concentration.
While Posner argues that concentration ratios are but one of the indicators of collusive tendencies and that it is necessary to include fringe firms in the analysis, AdelmanAmatoGolan, Judge, and Perloffand, Baldwin and Gorecki have shown that the Herfindahl index forms a much sounder indicator of the structure and performance of a given industry than four-firm concentration ratios. The Herfindahl index is used, to a considerable extent, by the structuralist school, which postulates that competition, is a state of affairs Reid, While four firm concentration ratios and Herfindahl indices have their virtues as indicators of market concentration at a point in time, it is also important to understand the evolution of market power over time.
The number of exclusive dealerships has also increased. Borkhowever, asserts that only explicit collusion was likely to exist given that collusion without detailed communication and agreement tacit was not likely to be successful.
If these tendencies create welfare losses, then, there is a case for framing appropriate antitrust legislation. The competitive policy so developed must be able to distinguish between real competition and purely theoretical competition.
In this spirit Baldwin and Gorecki track the mobility of firms which captures shifts in market structure by using a variant of the instability index of Hymer and Pashigian We have used the Kendall's rank concordance test to put into perspective the mobility of the firms. This is a more robust measure of tracking mobility of firms over time, since it also incorporates certain aspects of Lorenz type measurements to indicate relative positions of firms over time. If this index is used along with the concentration ratios, one can identify the contributors towards concentration over time in a clearer manner.
However, a study of dominance in terms of persistence of ranks needs to be supplemented with one on dominance in terms of levels. If the ranks of firms in terms of shares in sales do not alter much over time, one still needs to Competitive policy is not a road to Utopia or a complete basis for public policy Areeda and Kaplow Yet as Stigler points out, an optimal policy on competition often prevents the defects of social organization from being made worse by preventing deliberate adoption of restrictive practices by firms.
In this research work assess the degree of imperfection in the two-wheeler industry in particular. The reason is that this industry underwent a sea change during due to economic reforms introduced in this period. These reforms were aimed at encouraging competition.
During this period, the two-wheeler industry saw the largest proliferation of brands in the consumer 5 Vedaang Vol. This, then, sheds light on the inter-firm dependencies at these two levels, which in turn has implications for the competitive strategies of firms. We also conduct this test for production capacities of firms to test whether capacity expansion was the result of competition within the industry.
Contemporary research has examined market structure in order to explain consumer brand preferences based on attributes of these brands.
It attempts to analyze key aspects of the structural characteristics of consumer durables industry in India. An analysis of the evolution of this industry has implications for firms within the industry, as well as for regulators and policymakers. While inter-firm linkages would be pertinent to firms in the context of competitive strategies, the analysis of price movements in the industry and its segments relative to the general price level, and the structure of competition within the industry and individual segments therein are of importance to regulators.
Capacity growth movements have implications for future policy making within the industry. Based on the results of this research paper we can make certain general conclusions about the consumer durables industries.
For example, we establish that a consumer durables industries will evolve as oligopolies at the industry-wide level and at the level of the segments, b that he convergence of growth rates of sales volume and market-share is likely to be conditional at the level of the industry and absolute at the segment level. We can loosely define conditional convergence to imply that in the long run, its own past vector of means will determine growth rate of a firm.
Absolute convergence implies that the growth rate of a firm is moving towards the vector of means of other firms in the industry in the long-run. Typically an economy undergoing industrial reforms resorts to regulatory changes and redefines the role of the public sector in order to create a climate of growth and foster private competition. It consists of three segments viz. The increase in sales volume of this industry is proof of its high growth. Insales were around 0.
But bythis figure had risen to 3 million units per The Evans and Karras test of convergence is ideally suited for this purpose. Similarly ,capacities of production have also increased from about 0. See Government of India, This resolution divided the entire industrial sector into three groups, of which one contained industries whose development was the exclusive responsibility of the State, another included those industries in which both the State and the private sector could participate and the last set of industries that could be developed exclusively under private initiative within the guidelines and objectives laid out by the Five Year Plans CMIE, Private investment was channelised and regulated through the extensive use of licensing giving the State comprehensive control over the direction and pattern of investment.
Entry of firms, capacity expansion, choice of product and capacity mix and technology, were all effectively controlled by the State in a bid to prevent the concentration of economic power. However due to lapses in the system, fresh policies were brought in at the end of the sixties.
Firms that came under the purview of these Acts were allowed to invest only in a select set of industries. This net of controls on the economy in the seventies caused several firms to a operate below the minimum scale of efficiency henceforth MESb under-utilize capacity and, c use outdated technology.
While operation below MES resulted from the fact that several incentives were given to smaller firms, the capacity under-utilization was the result of i the capacity mix being determined independent of the market demand, ii the policy of distributing imports based on capacity, causing firms to expand beyond levels determined by demand so as to be eligible for more imports.
Use of outdated technology resulted from the restrictions placed on import of technology through the provisions of FERA. Recognition of the deleterious effects of these policies led to the initiation of reforms in which took on a more pronounced shape and acquired wider scope under the New Economic Policy NEP in As part of these reforms, several groups of industries were delicensed and 'broadbanding' was permitted in select industries.
Controls over capacity expansion were relaxed through the specification of the MES of production for several industries. These reforms led to a rise in the trend rate of growth of real GDP from 3. However the major set of reforms came in in response Delicensed industries meant that firms no longer required licenses from the State to enter the industry or expand their plants. Broad banding meant that a firm could manufacture products related to the ones they were currently making without the need for a separate license.
This meant that expansion of capacity till the MES did not now require a license. To a series of macroeconomic crises that hit the Indian economy in Several industries were deregulated, the Indian rupee was devalued and made convertible on the current account and tariffs replaced quantitative restrictions in the area of trade.
The initiation of reforms led to a drop in the growth of real GDP betweenbut this averaged at about 5. The decline in GDP in the years after reforms was the outcome of devaluation and the contractionary fiscal and monetary policies taken in to address the foreign exchange crisis.
Thus the Industrial Policy in India moved from a position of regulation and tight control in the sixties and seventies, to a more liberalized one in the eighties and nineties.
The two-wheeler industry in India has to a great extent been shaped by the evolution of the industrial policy of the country. These were later able to grow both in terms of overall sales volumes and number of 7 Vedaang Vol.
Finally, with liberalization in the nineties, the industry witnessed a proliferation in brands. A description of the evolution of the two wheeler industry in India is usefully split up into four ten year periods. This division traces significant changes in economic policy making.
In the motorcycle segment FERA did not cause technological stagnation9, as a consequence of which, new products nor firms entered the market since this segment depended almost entirely on foreign collaborations for technology. The scooter and moped segments on the other hand were technologically more self-sufficient and thus there were two new entrants in the scooter segment and three in the moped segment. Foreign collaborations were allowed for all two-wheelers up to an engine capacity of cc.
The first time-period,was one during which the growth of the two-wheeler industry was fostered through means like permitting foreign collaborations and phasing out of The Indian economy was faced with several problems at this time.
Foreign exchange reserves were down to two month's imports, there was a large budget deficit, double digit inflation, and with India's credit rating downgraded, private foreign lending was cut off. The period saw state controls, through the use of the licensing system and certain regulatory acts over the economy, at their peak. During significant reforms were initiated in the country.
- SGGS Khalsa College Sector 26, Chandigarh, Chandigarh
- Vedaang 08-07-2013 (final set) - Shri Guru Ram Rai Institute of ...
The final time-period covers the period during which the reform process was deepened. These reforms encompassed several areas like finance, trade, tax, industrial policy etc. We now discuss in somewhat greater detail the principal characteristics of each sub period.
In order to encourage manufacturing, besides restricting import of complete vehicles, automobile assembler firms were phased out by Tariff Commission,and only manufacturing firms allowed to continue.
Production of automobiles was licensed, which meant that a firm required a licensing approval in order to open a plant. It also meant that a firm's capacity of production was determined by the Government. Indian motorcycles in the seventies had two major drawbacks viz.
Worldwide however, there was a trend towards using high-strength, low-weight materials for various components which resulted in vehicles that were compact and had lower weight. Since fuelconsumption of a two-wheeler depended on its weight, lighter vehicles meant greater mileage.
These drawbacks were overcome in the eighties when foreign collaborations were once again allowed a part of NEP. This, coupled with the announcement of the MES of production for the two-wheeler industry, gave firms the flexibility to choose an optimal product and capacity mix which could better incorporate market demand into their production strategy and there by improve their capacity utilization and efficiency.
These reforms had two major effects on the industry: First, licensed capacities went up to1. Second, several existing but weaker players died out giving way to new entrants and superior products12 d The reforms that began in the late seventies underwent their most significant change in through the 8 A Peep into the Indian Two Wheeler Market liberalization of the economy.
The two-wheeler industry was completely deregulated. In the area of trade, several reforms were introduced with the goal of making Indian exports competitive. In the seventies, motorcycle mileage was on an average between 25 to 50 km pl kilometer per literwhich had now improved to 50 to 80 kmpl. For mopeds it improved from 50 km pl to 80 km pl.
Output of the engines also increased from HP to 10 HP per cc. In the scooter segment, models with features like self-starter facility, automatic transmission system, gear-less riding etc.
In the motorcycle segment, the new cc models compared well against the existing heavier models of cc, cc etc. Joshi and Little discuss the economic crisis of and the policy response of the Indian government. Growth of Two Wheeler in India The composition of the two-wheeler industry has witnessed sea changes in the post-reform period.
Inthe share of scooters was about 50 per cent of the total two -wheeler demand in the Indian market.
Motorcycle and moped had been experiencing almost equal level of shares in the total number of two-wheelers. The Vivek High team comprised students from class 8 to 12, including Leela Raina as the president and Mukul Sharma, Physics Lecturer, as the adviser of the team.
The team represented a major aerospace company and submitted the design for an orbiting space settlement around Mars. The competition is being organised by the Aeronautical Society of India, Chandigarh. Over 30 students were awarded the college colour for excellence in academics, extra-curricular and sports activities.
Pathak, highlighted the role of science and technology for bringing about social and economic change in society. He said it was the social responsibility of the scientists and government to bring required changes in shaping society and humanity.
Later, the secretary of the Sikh Education Society, Mr Bharpoor Singh, appreciated the role of Professor Pathak in opening channels of communication between the university and affiliated colleges.
He added that during his tenure, the university was able to declare the result well in time which helped in starting the academic session in July. Earlier, the Principal of the college, Mr P.
Sangha, read out the annual report of the college. Tohra Service sewahonour samman and contentment santokhprinciples of our rich and vibrant culture, are slowly being eroded with materialism creeping in. Our educational system needs to be such so as to inculcate these values in our future generations, said Mr Gurcharan Singh Tohra, President of the Sikh Educational Society, while addressing a gathering at the founders day celebrations of Sri Guru Gobind Singh College on the college campus here today.
He also appreciated the teaching of gurmat vichar in a large number of educational institutions and said that it was a positive step in reviving our old values. Mr Tohra also honoured various distinguished personalities for their valuable services in various fields like religion, social service and education. Speaking on the occasion, Prof Charanjit Chawla lamented that the technical education was very expensive and as a result most deserving students from rural areas cannot avail of these educational facilities.
A team of doctors examined patients out of which more than 25 persons were detected with cataract. The volunteers also carried out a socio-economic survey of the colleges and spread the message of eye donation.
Pardeep Kumar, captain of Government Barjindra College, restored parity in the 36th minute. Two minutes later Navdeepskipper of Chandigarh team scored a field goal to put his side ahead again. Their full back Gurpreet Singh converted a penalty corner into a goal to wrap-up the issue Right-in Jyoti scored three goals while centre forward Poonam and left in Nishi contributed two goals each. Full-back Anu scored one goal. Right-in Manjeet Kaur scored the first hat-trick of the tournament 20th24th and 31st minutes.
Centre-forward Raj Rani sounded the board four times 17th, 47th48th and 55th minutes. Full-back Monika Rani found the target in 57th minutes to complete the rout.
SGGS Khalsa College Sector 26 Chandigarh Chandigarh
Ludhiana boys had established a lead by half time. Centre forward, Sukhdeep accounted for four goals while Manjit Singh, Gurjeet and Gurvinder chipped in with a goal each. For the losers, Kulwinder scored the solitary goal in the 39th minute. Both the teams wasted as many as five penalty corners. Talking about the philosophy of total quality management, Mr A.
Singh, Deputy Director, National Productivity Council, Chandigarh, said that total quality management was an integrated organisational approach in meeting the expectations of customers. He emphasised on implementation of the same through involvement of everyone and at all levels and system standardisation addressed by ISO In the second session, Prof.
K K Bajaj, Registrar, Jaypee University of IT, Himachal Pradesh, spoke on need and relevance of assessment and accreditation which was required by the educational institutes today.
He also emphasised the need of initiating a thinking process among the students in the context of the global scenario. Earlier, the Principal of the college Dr Harinderjit Kaur welcomed the guests, followed by a introductory lecture on quality management by Ms Batra, a faculty member. Students in quandary over practical exam Students appearing in the annual practical examination of physics final year of bachelor of science at Goswami Ganesh Dutt Sanatan Dharam College, Sector 32, have been left in a quandary because they do not know the status of the practical examination conducted by external examiner.
This examination was conducted as a part of the annual examination for the current year recently. The reason is that the external examiner has complained to the university that the college principal did not counter-sign the marks list supplied to him by the examiners.
The college principal on his part says that the examination had been unfair and more so the evaluation. Reliable sources said that a similar complaint had been filed by a teacher of zoology from a local college pertaining to the same examination.
The principal said he was not aware about the case. He has given a written complaint to the university saying that the college authorities did not cooperate with him during conduct of the examination.
He said that the college laboratories were ill-equipped with the apparatus. The performance of the students was also below average. Professor Aggarwal said when he sent the marks list to the principalhe did allow him entry into his room at the first place. In the second place the marks list was counter-signed by a staff member of the college so it was mandatory for the principal to give his signatures. He, however, had to return empty handed.
Vaid said that he was busy in another important meeting when the marks list was sent to him. Except a marginal number, all other students were poorly marked. This did not reflect the actual capability of the students because they are regular in the classes throughout the year as is reflected through their attendance lists.
Students shine First semester students of diploma in medical lab technology of Sri Guru Gobind Singh College of Pharmacy, Sector 26, have done their college proud by figuring in the merit list of the final examination conducted by the Punjab State Board of Technical Education in December, Moreover, 17 out of 20 merit positions were grabbed by students of the college.
Faculty at DBEC will provide guidance to engineers in their project work. According to Dr Zora Singh, chairman of the group, the HCL will provide pre-placement technical training to MCA students of the institute and help arrange for their industrial visits to enable them to serve IT companies more effectively. Kuldeep Patwal and Jaideep Saini stood sixth by scoring 82 per cent marks while Akhil Prashar stood tenth. Chairman of Indo Global Colleges expressed happiness over the results and congratulated the successful students and the staff.
He announced to give suitable rewards to the meritorious students. Governor for quality education in rural areas Calling upon NGOs, educational societies and intellectuals to make individual and collective efforts to ensure quality education in the remote and neglected areas of Punjab, the Punjab Governor and UT Administrator, Justice OP Verma, lamented that quality education had remained confined to big cities.
Speaking after inaugurating the new building of Sri Guru Gobind Singh College of Pharmacy at Sri Guru Gobind Singh College, Sector 26, here today, he said that villagers, who constituted 80 per cent of the population of Punjab, had been deprived of the benefits of quality education. Justice Verma said no nation could claim to be developed unless its population had access to quality education. He said that India, after 56 years of Independence, had not been able to provide universal education, especially to the people living in rural areas.
He said that Punjab should emulate the example of Kerala in ensuring universal and quality education. Kerala, with per cent literacy, had been a trend-setter in development and various issues of social consciousness. Appreciating the efforts of the Sikh Education Society for running various educational institutions in the state efficiently, Justice Verma said that other educational institutions should learn from the society.
He called upon the society to make efforts to set up more educational institutions, especially in the remote rural areas of Punjab.
Proposing a vote of thanks, the President of the Sikh Education Society, Jathedar Gurcharan Singh Tohra, Member of Parliament, assured the Governor the society would make concerted efforts to set up the education institutions, especially in the remote rural areas of Punjab.
Chandigarh indulged in a minute scoring blitz to run up six goals after Bijay Kumar Lohar had put Rourkela ahead in the 42nd minute. Stung by this sudden reverse, after a barren first half, the Chandigarh boys attacked with punch and fire, and earned a penalty stroke in the 51st minute which was converted into a goal by Rajpal Singh. Rajpal Singh also scored the third, fifth and sixth goals while Rajinder Singh accounted for the second and Navdeep Singh the fourth goals.
The Jalandhar College scored all the three goals in the first half through Satwinder Singh Junior, who opened the scoring in the third minute, Sarabjeet Singh, who converted a penalty corer in the ninth minute, and Amolak Singh in the 26th minute. The semifinal matches will be played tomorrow. The show of strength and ferrying of voters from outstations were witnessed at the colleges.
Taxis had been hired to ferry hostelers from outstations. In nine colleges, where elections were held, the NSUI managed to secure seats in three colleges. In most of the colleges, polling was registered around 50 per cent. Her rival Ritika got 55 votes due to a low voter turnout. The students at the college alleged that the low voter turnout was due to interference by the college authorities in the electoral process. A moderate number of students complained that they were not allowed to cast their vote on account of shortage of lectures or non-attesting of their identity cards.
The college authorities said the students had been informed about the rules in advance and they were allowed to remove the shortcomings till yesterday. An exhilarated Anurag Dhillon, who won for the post of president in Government College, Sector 11, told the TNS that he would fulfil his election promises. He held a thanks-giving rally that passed through different sectors.
The enthusiasm was more visible in coeducational colleges. Students call off stir The day agitation by college students finally yielded results today, with the UT Administration agreeing to the closure of fee counters in colleges till the committee constituted to look into the matter of fee hike gives its report.
The Administration has also extended the last date for depositing fee by a fortnight. Calling off the indefinite fast and boycott of classes outside the Government College for Girls, Sector 11, students had been a jubilant lot. In the evening, the DPI CollegesMr Dilip Kumar, told the agitating students that fee collection would be suspended in all colleges for a fortnight. The committee would decide the issue of fee hike within this specified time frame, he added.
Later, Mr Dilip Kumar also informed the students that the UT Administrator had constituted a committee under the chairmanship of the Home Secretary, Mr RS Gujral, to look into issues involving fee and funds in city colleges. Later, the poem recitation contest also drew an enthusiastic response from students who recited poetry of eminent poets of Hindi and Punjabi.
However, the plays in the afternoon session were the highlight of the day, with participants completely involving themselves in their performance and characters.
However, students of DAV College alleged that the decision to award the first prize to the host college was biased since mikes provided on-stage were switched off, the director of the play staged by SGGS abused them and a lecturer from the host college approached the dais and spoke to the announcer while the results were being declared.
Playing under a steady rain, the teams adapted to the conditions very well to put up a fighting performance.
Jamia Millia Islamia scored one goal each in either half, to take a comfortable lead before Chandigarh reduced the margin. Vivek Gupta, who converted a penalty corner in the sixth minute to give the Delhi college the lead, also scored their second goal in the 50th minute when he converted a penalty stroke. Gurdeep Singh pulled off a consolation goal for Chandigarh in the 66th minute. In the other match, Jalandhar and Meerut fought it out in a hard-fought match before Meerut carried the day when they converted a penalty stroke goal in the 69th minute to book a berth in the final.
Tariq Aziz put Meerut ahead when he scored a field goal in the 19th minute, which was equalised by Harmanpreet Singh for Jalandhar eight minutes into the second half. Kuldeep Singh then converted a penalty stroke to give Meerut the winning edge.
Lawlessness prevails on roads Complete lawlessness prevailed in city colleges and on roads on the election day today as group clashes, road rage, driving without helmet, cars with tinted glasses, and open jeeps packed with rowdy students remained the order of the day. Though senior officers of the Chandigarh Police kept insisting that no major incidence of violence had been reported to the police from any part of the city till late in the evening, sources in the headquarters admitted that at least six students from different colleges sustained minor injuries in group clashes.
Even though baton-yielding policemen tried to disperse the mob, rival groups managed to clash.Flash Mob by SGGS college students - Nanded
As a result, at least four supporters were left nursing bruises. The reason behind the clash could not be ascertained as the two warring sides disappeared from the scene even before the police could initiate action against them. Efforts to elicit information from the eyewitnesses proved futile as they refused to comment on the incident.
Even an hour after the clash, visitors to the college campus could feel the underlying tension as students huddled together kept away from the canteen and parking lot, apprehending another bout.
At least two students sustained injuries in a clash in front of the institute. Here also, the provocation behind the occurrence of attack could not be ascertained. The sources said some of the injured were taken to hospitals, but were discharged after the administration of first aid. In almost all cases, the disputes were resolved on the spot in an amicable manner by the two sides, leaving little scope for police intervention, the sources said.
Giving details of the incidents, the sources said most of the clashes occurred in the afternoon after the process of casting of ballot was over. At that time, a majority of policemen, on feet since morning, had run out of steam.
Taking advantage of this, a number of students took to the streets on bikes without wearing helmets or on cars with tinted glasses.
Others preferred modified jeeps. Party flags fluttered as they zipped down the road at breakneck speed, unchecked. Aided colleges in a spot ,No grant, wages of staff withheld The managements and staff in private colleges are at the receiving end following the non-release of 95 per cent grant by the UT Education Department for the past five months. Faced with the paucity of funds, these colleges are holding back salaries of their staff.
Seven aided colleges of the city have not received their quarterly grant for payment of salaries to the teaching and non-teaching staff. The grant has been withheld by the UT Education Department to look into the funds collected by these colleges from students under various heads.
We have summoned records of all these colleges and asked them to give details of all fines and funds collected at the time of and after admissions. Once we are satisfied, the grant will be released without delay. Payment of salary for the month of July is also unlikely as there is no possibility of the release of grant in the near future. With a teaching and non-teaching staff of nearlythe managements of private colleges are in a tight spot.
Their salaries are a priority. They have virtually packed up their bags and shifted base, primarily to the South, though Yamunanagar, Amritsar and Delhi are still popular destinations for these students.
In the last few years the number of foreign students, most of whom come from various African countries, has dwindled significantly.
The few who are left behind are not very enthusiastic about their stay in the city. Besides, Chandigarh is an expensive city, not student friendly at all.
The students also grudge that city colleges and the university are completely out of tune with regard to courses that are in. For other courses, they charge exorbitant fee from us which makes it unviable for us to opt for these. The students maintain that they are also hounded by the police. The police keeps harassing us tabs and conducts regular checks. These students are also critical of the high rents of accommodation charged from them.
For a two-room set we are quoted rent as high as Rs 7, All of these students, whichever country they come from, have their associations. The Embassy refers a newcomer to these associations which, in turn, handle all arrangements from stay to food to college. This way, the Embassy ensures safety of its citizen in a new country.
While south is where most of them are heading for, a handful of them study University in Kurukshetra or Guru Nanak Dev University in Amritsar. For now, the few who remain behind are also losing interest in the city. From their talk, it seems retaining them, too, would be an uphill task. He delivered the convocation address and conferred degrees on the students. A total of degrees were awarded to the students of M.
Six students were awarded the Certificate of Merit for holding high rankings in the university exams. Com —12th in PU were the other two awardees.