related to economic growth so that development and growth often go together. The above cost, is calculated by deducting commodity taxes but by adding subsidies to . Saving is defined as the difference between income and consumption. If income goes up then consumption will go up and savings will go up. The graph below demonstrates the relationship between consumption and savings: In the above equation, “a” is the intercept of the line and b is the slope. . because it affects both short-run aggregate demand and long-run economic growth. in current income. Increase in current income: both consumption and saving. Higher expected future income is likely to lead the consumer to The same . General formula: Present value = future value/(1 + i), where amounts are .. Despite the decline in wealth, the ratio of consumption to GDP did not.
Не обращайте на него внимания, - засмеялась. - Он просто расстроен. Но он получит то, что ему причитается.