Power, authority and influence – Oliver Thylmann’s Thoughts
When we confront the relationship between "power" and "authority", we tackle the basic elements in the dynamics of human relationships. This issue is related to. It consists of social relations involving authority or power, the regulation of Contemporary political sociology involves the study of relations between state and. Power depends on the relationship and the success of using power will Power is the potential or capacity of a person or group to influence.
Power depends on the belief and not on what you actually have at your disposal. Power is never one sided and other peoples power should not be viewed as negative. Power is contextual as in the fact that your potential to influence depends on the context of the relationship.Relationship between power, authority and legitimacy by Bishop Mathew Kukah
Sources of Power Classic framework from French and Raven There are different power bases sources of power: This is mostly not over people but over tasks and functions that need to be performed. Control of any resources is important within and between companies.
Your capacity to influence will depend on your ability to gather information and mobilise resources and support Expertise: This is most acceptable but your expertise needs to be recognised.
Technical knowledge is about a product or service. Process knowledge is about how to get things done. Charisma or respect for the integrity, judgement and consideration of someone who is influential behind the scenes.
You are often driven by a mixture of them.
Remember that your sources of power will vary from situation to situation. Your position to impose rules and procedures. Push strategies attempt to influence by imposing or threatening to impose costs on your target. Whereas traditional authority resides in an individual because of inheritance or divine designation, rational-legal authority resides in the office that an individual fills, not in the individual per se.
The authority of the president of the United States thus resides in the office of the presidency, not in the individual who happens to be president. When that individual leaves office, authority transfers to the next president. This transfer is usually smooth and stable, and one of the marvels of democracy is that officeholders are replaced in elections without revolutions having to be necessary. Rational-legal authority helps ensure an orderly transfer of power in a time of crisis.
Kennedy was assassinated inVice President Lyndon Johnson was immediately sworn in as the next president. When Richard Nixon resigned his office in disgrace in because of his involvement in the Watergate scandal, Vice President Gerald Ford who himself had become vice president after Spiro Agnew resigned because of financial corruption became president.
The relationship between power and authority
Constitution provided for the transfer of power when the presidency was vacant, and because U. Such charismatic individuals may exercise authority over a whole society or only a specific group within a larger society.
They can exercise authority for good and for bad, as this brief list of charismatic leaders indicates: Each of these individuals had extraordinary personal qualities that led their followers to admire them and to follow their orders or requests for action. Martin Luther King Jr. Library of Congress — public domain. Charismatic authority can reside in a person who came to a position of leadership because of traditional or rational-legal authority.
Over the centuries, several kings and queens of England and other European nations were charismatic individuals as well while some were far from charismatic. Weber emphasized that charismatic authority in its pure form i. The reason for this is simple: After the deaths of all the charismatic leaders named in the preceding paragraph, no one came close to replacing them in the hearts and minds of their followers.
Power, authority and influence
Because charismatic leaders recognize that their eventual death may well undermine the nation or cause they represent, they often designate a replacement leader, who they hope will also have charismatic qualities.
This new leader may be a grown child of the charismatic leader or someone else the leader knows and trusts. The danger, of course, is that any new leaders will lack sufficient charisma to have their authority accepted by the followers of the original charismatic leader.
For this reason, Weber recognized that charismatic authority ultimately becomes more stable when it is evolves into traditional or rational-legal authority. Transformation into rational-legal authority occurs when a society ruled by a charismatic leader develops the rules and bureaucratic structures that we associate with a government.
Weber used the term routinization of charisma to refer to the transformation of charismatic authority in either of these ways.
According to Max Weber, the three types of legitimate authority are traditional, rational-legal, and charismatic. Charismatic authority is relatively unstable because the authority held by a charismatic leader may not easily extend to anyone else after the leader dies. For Your Review Think of someone, either a person you have known or a national or historical figure, whom you regard as a charismatic leader.
What is it about this person that makes her or him charismatic?
- Differences between Power and Authority
- 14.1 Power and Authority
- Power and Authority: Definition, Nature and Theory
Why is rational-legal authority generally more stable than charismatic authority? From Camelot to the teflon president: Economics and presidential popularaity since An outline of interpretive sociology G. University of California Press.